• Gaging Station Data and Reports - Death Valley National Park, Devils Hole #362532116172701, 1990-2016

    Metadata Updated: March 17, 2021

    Devils Hole is a collapsed depression in limestone hills adjacent to the Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge that contains a warm-water pool about 15 meters below land surface. The pool is home to a unique species of desert pupfish Cyprinodon Diabolis that is listed as endangered. The population feeds and reproduces on a slightly submerged rock ledge. In 1952, a 16.2 hectare tract of land containing Devils Hole was incorporated into the Death Valley National Monument as a detached management area. The area is currently a part of Death Valley National Park. In the late 1960's and early 1970's irrigation pumping in Ash Meadows lowered the Devils Hole pool level and the pupfish were threatened with extinction. In 1973 the U.S. District Court granted a preliminary injunction from pumping that would lower the pool level more than 0.91 meters below the datum. The injunction was made permanent by the U.S. District Court and upon appeal the Supreme Court affirmed the lower court decision. In 1978 the U.S. District Court issued a permanent injunction to limit pumping to maintain a daily mean water level of 0.82 meters below the datum based on scientific studies. Water levels recovered in response to reduction and ultimately to cessation of pumping in Ash Meadows. By 1988 the pool level had recovered to about 0.3 meters below the pre-pumping level when it began to decline again. Concerns were raised that in the intermediate to long-term future the pool level would fall below the court mandated minimum level. Principle potential stresses causing long-term stage changes are considered to be regional ground-water pumping and changes in recharge. Water levels are measured in the pool on a continuous basis to monitor trends in water levels and to protect the endangered pupfish.

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    Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided.

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    Metadata Created Date March 17, 2021
    Metadata Updated Date March 17, 2021

    Metadata Source

    Harvested from NPS-Harvest - NRSS Data Store

    Additional Metadata

    Resource Type Dataset
    Metadata Created Date March 17, 2021
    Metadata Updated Date March 17, 2021
    Publisher National Park Service
    Unique Identifier Unknown
    Identifier NPS_DataStore_1049219
    Data First Published 2017-08-24
    Data Last Modified 2017-08-24
    Category Generic Dataset
    Public Access Level public
    Bureau Code 010:24
    Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
    Metadata Catalog ID D:\IRMA\DataStore\Application\OpenData\v1.1\NPS-DataStore.json
    Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
    Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
    Data Quality True
    Harvest Object Id fc16093d-0c65-4d50-a9a4-a18551c3d5c5
    Harvest Source Id a73e9b95-126c-4791-a8f2-46fc064cdc62
    Harvest Source Title NPS-Harvest - NRSS Data Store
    Homepage URL https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/1049219
    Program Code 010:118, 010:119
    Related Documents https://irma.nps.gov/DataStore/Reference/Profile/1049219
    Source Datajson Identifier True
    Source Hash 7f62e9b2c32ae41a1928cfc283155318f6328826
    Source Schema Version 1.1
    Spatial -116.304916,36.4102936,-116.279625,36.43387
    Temporal 1989-10-01/2016-09-30

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