Metadata Updated: March 22, 2021

    The LANDFIRE fuel data describe the composition and characteristics of both surface fuel and canopy fuel. Specific products include fire behavior fuel models, canopy bulk density (CBD), canopy base height (CBH), canopy cover (CC), canopy height (CH), and fuel loading models (FLMs). These data may be implemented within models to predict the behavior and effects of wildland fire. These data are useful for strategic fuel treatment prioritization and tactical assessment of fire behavior and effects. DATA SUMMARY: Canopy bulk density (CBD) is defined as the mass of available canopy fuel per unit canopy volume that would burn in a crown fire (Van Wagner 1977; Scott and Reinhardt 2001; Keane et al. 2005). A spatially explicit map of canopy bulk density supplies information used in fire behavior models such as FARSITE (Finney 1998) to determine the spread characteristics of crown fires across the landscape. The CBD mapping process began by deriving field referenced estimates of canopy characteristics through LFRDB plot analysis. Approximately 45,000 plots were acquired throughout the US for estimating CBD. Utilizing these plots, field referenced CBD values were computed for each plot using the canopy fuel estimation software FuelCalc (Reinhardt et al. 2006b). Go to http://www.landfire.gov/participate_acknowledgements.php for more information regarding contributors of field plot data. (Some tree species had no crown biomass equation. In this situation, a published equation for a species with a similar genus was used as a substitute. Not all species were used for computing plot-level CBD. For example, all Acer and Populus spp. were excluded from the canopy fuel profile as these and other broadleaved species are considered relatively inflammable and therefore unavailable.) In an effort to model the relationship between these stand and canopy characteristics the outputs from the FuelCalc computations were analyzed using a gamma log-link generalized linear model (GLM) (McCullagh and Nelder 1983). From this analysis plot level CBD estimates related to canopy cover (CC), stand height (CH) and membership in a pinyon-juniper EVT allowing for CBD to be modeled. (Further explanation and discussion of this GLM can be found in Reeves et al, 2009). The resultant GLM was applied spatially across a mapping zone through the use of the LANDFIRE Fuels Change Mapping Tool, or ToFuDelta, to provide a mapped estimate of CBD. These preliminary CBD data products were finalized after applying a series of post-processing techniques and logic checks ensuring that the canopy fuel products were relevant in the context of the other fuel layers and fire behavior predictions. -All non - forest values, including herbaceous and most shrub systems and non-burnable types such as urban, barren, snow and ice and agriculture, were coded as 0. - Some stands dominated by broadleaf species which typically do not permit initiation of crown fire (e.g. Populus spp.) are coded with a CBD of 0.01 kg m-3. Since crown fire is rarely observed in most hardwood stands, the lowest CBD value possible was used to prevent false simulation of crown fire in these areas. - Certain types of agriculture that are deemed burnable get a value added by ToFuDelta based on region and type of vegetation. It should be noted that LANDFIRE layers will not include canopy characteristics in fuel types where the tree canopy is considered a part of the surface fuel and the surface fire behavior fuel model is chosen to reflect these conditions. This is because LANDFIRE assumes that the potential burnable biomass in the shorter tree canopies has been accounted for in the surface fuel model parameters. For example, maps of areas dominated by young or short conifer stands where the trees are represented by a shrub type fuel model will not include canopy characteristics. REFRESH 2001 (lf_1.0.5): Imagery used in LANDFIRE National covered a span of years, and because of this, several large wildland fires are not represented in the data. LANDFIRE circa 2001 ensures wildland fires through 2001 are represented. For details on methods, see Process Description for LANDFIRE Refresh 2001 (lf_1.0.5).

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    Metadata Date January 1, 2010
    Metadata Created Date March 22, 2021
    Metadata Updated Date March 22, 2021
    Reference Date(s) January 1, 2010 (publication)
    Frequency Of Update notPlanned

    Metadata Source

    Harvested from USGS-Harvest

    Additional Metadata

    Resource Type Dataset
    Metadata Date January 1, 2010
    Metadata Created Date March 22, 2021
    Metadata Updated Date March 22, 2021
    Reference Date(s) January 1, 2010 (publication)
    Responsible Party Wildland Fire Science, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey (Point of Contact)
    Contact Email
    Access Constraints Use Constraints: Although LANDFIRE products are delivered as 30-meter pixels, they should not be used at the individual pixel level or on small groups of pixels. LANDFIRE products were designed to support 1) national (all states) strategic planning, 2) regional (single large states or groups of smaller states), and 3) strategic/tactical planning for large sub-regional landscapes and Fire Management Units (FMUs) (such as significant portions of states or multiple federal administrative entities). The applicability of LANDFIRE products to support fire and land management planning on smaller areas will vary by product, location, and specific use. Further investigation by local and regional experts should be conducted to inform decisions regarding local applicability. However, it is the responsibility of the local user, using LANDFIRE metadata and local knowledge, to determine if and/or how LANDFIRE can be used for particular areas of interest. LANDFIRE products are not intended to replace local products, but rather serve as a back-up by providing wall-to-wall cross-boundary products. It is the responsibility of the user to be familiar with the value, assumptions, and limitations of LANDFIRE products. Managers and planners must evaluate LANDFIRE data according to the scale and requirements specific to their needs., Access Constraints: None
    Bbox East Long -153.3681839910366
    Bbox North Lat 25.17246703156623
    Bbox South Lat 18.112857617393107
    Bbox West Long -160.47454578543605
    Coupled Resource
    Frequency Of Update notPlanned
    Harvest Object Id e488b9a8-17bb-45db-b226-f9ae921349d1
    Harvest Source Id 5f135382-acf8-4ee0-8a68-2db6433e8a82
    Harvest Source Title USGS-Harvest
    Licence Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the USGS, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the use of the data on any other system, nor does the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. Data may have been compiled from various outside sources. Spatial information may not meet National Map Accuracy Standards. This information may be updated without notification. The USGS shall not be liable for any activity involving these data, installation, fitness of the data for a particular purpose, its use, or analyses results.
    Metadata Language eng; USA
    Metadata Type geospatial
    Progress completed
    Spatial Data Service Type
    Spatial Reference System
    Spatial Harvester True

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